Magnolia Pediatric Therapy
Information and Definitions
What is the difference between speech and language?
- Language refers to the vocabulary, grammar, and social use of words. It encompasses word meanings, how we put the words together to make complete thoughts, and how we change words with different endings.
- Speech refers to how we sound when we speak. It encompasses articulation, voice, and fluency.
What is articulation?
- Articulation is how we produce speech sounds when we speak. For example: we say "rabbit" instead of "wabbit"
What is fluency?
- Fluency is the rhythm of speech. Stuttering affects the fluency of speech.
What is receptive language?
- Receptive language is what we understand.
What is expressive language?
- Expressive language is how we communicate with others.
What is pragmatic language?
- Pragmatic language is also known as "social" language. This includes facial expressions, body language, and tone of voice that accompany spoken language.
What is apraxia?
- Childhood apraxia of speech is a motor speech disorder. Children with apraxia have trouble saying sounds, syllables, and words without any muscle weakness or paralysis. The brain has difficulty planning the movements of the body parts (lips, jaw, tongue) needed for speech. The child knows what he or she wants to say, but the brain has difficulty coordinating the muscle movements necessary to say the words.
Websites and Links
American Speech-Language & Hearing Association: www.asha.org
Autism Society: www.autism-society.org
Autism Society Emerald Coast: www.asecfl.com
RD-Center for Autism and Related Disabilities: http://autism.fsu.edu
Cerebral Palsy Guide: https://www.cerebralpalsyguide.com/